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There have been numerous attempts to upgrade administrative setup to meet the changing needs of society ever since the beginning of human civilization. Such efforts are more pronounced and recorded in modern times. Thus, with the onset of industrial and technological revolution in mid 19th century, the need was felt to organize administrative structure to the demands of new society. Later, Max Weber's bureaucratic model of organization was considered as most efficient form of organization for achieving collective goals. The issue of political interference in the administration was addressed in late 19th century by Woodrow Wilson, who showed the seeds of politics administration dichotomy and thus laid the foundation of Public Administration as separate discipline distinct from political Science. The need for increased industrial production prompted new approaches in organization in 20th century like Taylor's Scientific Management in 1910s and Elton Mayo's Human Relations Approach in early 1930s. Meanwhile, Weberian Principles were propagated as the best form of administration for all societies under the Universal Principle Approach In 1920s. Herbert Simon's Behavioral Approach in 1940s laid emphasis on the process behavior of administration rather than its formal structures. Later, the System Approach and Policymaking perspective enhanced our understanding of administration in cross relation with society and politics.

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