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The landscape of India’s financial sector is changing. Anytime, anywhere banking, using differentiated channels and technology, will enable a multi-fold increase of reach in rural and remote areas. Coupled with the emergence of a new class of banks—the small and payments banks—one of the biggest impacts of technology adoption will be rapidly accelerating financial inclusion by making last-mile access more cost effective and expanding the reach of banking to the unbanked. Powerful forces are reshaping the banking industry. Customer expectations, technological capabilities, regulatory requirements, demographics and economics are together creating an imperative to change. Banks need to get ahead of these challenges and retool to win in the next era. Banks must not only execute on today’s imperatives but also radically innovate and transform themselves for the future. India’s banking and financial sector is expanding rapidly. The Indian Banking industry is currently worth Rs. 81 trillion (US $ 1.31 trillion) and banks are now utilizing the latest technologies like internet and mobile devices to carryout transactions and communicate with the masses. The Indian banking sector consists of 26 public sector banks, 20 private sector banks and 43 foreign banks along with 61 regional rural banks (RRBs) and more than 90,000 credit cooperatives. According to the global perspective it has potentials to become the fifth largest bank industry in the world by 2020 and third largest by 2025. The present study aims to focusing on the contemporary challenges and opportunities of the Retail Banking sector in view of Digitalization.